How to write a dissertation?

To make a good dissertation, no miracle recipe! However, here are some tips that can help you organize your homework and get good grades. This methodology applies for any type of dissertation.

It all starts with brainstorming

At first, it is important to understand the subject. For that, you have to read it a first time and brainstorm. That is to say that you have to throw all the ideas that come to your mind on a sheet: quotes, books, references, ideas, questions … Even simple words will be useful and above all obligatory to make the following steps.

You discover the subject, you know well how to guide you, and what are the likely difficulties that you will meet. Do not hesitate to fill pages and pages of notes. This is the hardest part, but it’s also the one that gets you straight into the subject. You can spend an hour or so. Of course, you will only remember the ideas that stick to the subject. To do this, list each word of the subject for example, and report each of your ideas.

Build your essay plan

Once this list is made, try to find a problem directly related to your subject. Define also its stakes. Keep the most relevant for your development, and try to identify the pitfalls to avoid at all costs.

Then make your plan. In two parts, preferably, but if you prefer to do it in three parts, you will not be sanctioned. The goal is to make a plan that suits you, which is clear and especially logical.

In the first part, you will make an inventory, a descriptive historical or sociological for example. Then, still in a descriptive way, you will surround your subject by bringing elements of “general truth”. From this approach, you must perfectly define a problem, a contradiction, a state of crisis raised by your subject.

In the second part, you will analyze in depth the causes and the consequences. You can bring concrete solutions. Shows the evolution of the problem studied. Your plan must move. Your argumentation must be progressive and logical, but above all not stagnant. Do not do a dissertation entirely descriptive: you risk falling very quickly in the off topic and there, the penalty would be terrible.

Prepare the introduction … and the conclusion

With regard to introduction and conclusion, write them in advance on a draft sheet. Review them often to make sure that you respond well to the subject throughout your analysis, and especially that it fits perfectly with the intro and the conclusion, which are very important in a duty of this type.

Before writing them, it is necessary that your plan is perfectly constructed, in order to take back each of the elements which you will approach thereafter. The proofreaders claim that the introduction is “a reading contract” between the reader and the author. This is a “mise en bouche” that will leave in the head of the corrector a certain prior. This one will be difficult to get out of his head: put everything on the beginning of your duty. Give it a good page, or a page and a half.

The conclusion, on the other hand, must be shorter. It is the end point of your duty, so it is useless to repeat all that has been said point by point. On the other hand, it is almost as important as the introduction: so does not the bot. As an opening, do not ask a very broad question; you would think that you did not understand the subject, because then how would it be possible to leave in suspense a question so important in relation to your subject? Finally, write it from the beginning of your assignment. You will know well, throughout your writing, if you are in the right direction or if you start to do off topic.

Write the whole assignment

As for the last step, that of writing the entire assignment, this becomes only a “formality”. Your plan, your problematic as well as your introduction and conclusion are already written: you just have to complete by adding quotes, ideas, arguments, examples, etc.

However, do not let go. Stay focused throughout your writing, it will prevent you from going astray. Keep a good level of writing and language. Make short sentences, clear and legible, avoiding loading your duty with too superficial turns. Simplicity is always the best of techniques.